GROUPE D’IMAGERIE NEUROFONCTIONNELLE
The Neurofunctional Imaging Group (GIN) was founded in 1989 as a research group of the French Atomic Energy Commission (Comissariat à l’Energie Atomique, CEA) localized at the Frédéric-Joliot Hospital Service in Orsay.
Driven by three scientists, namely Nathalie Tzourio-Mazoyer, Bernard Mazoyer, its Director, and Marc Joliot, this unit became a pioneer in France in the development of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and its use for investigating the neural bases of cognition.
The GIN indeed made a major contribution to the emergence of cognitive neuroimaging as an independent research domain, both nationally and internationally. In particular, the GIN organized the first International Conference on the Mapping of the Human Brain at the Cité des Sciences et de l’Industrie in Paris, in June 1995 .
In 1997, the Organization for Human Brain Mapping (OHBM) was created in Copenhagen, and Bernard Mazoyer was elected as its first President.
In 1996 , the GIN moved to the CYCERON imaging platform in Caen, where it played a key role in the operation and development of this facility. In particular, Bernard Mazoyer was the Director of CYCERON from 2002 to 2011 . Along those years, the GIN continued to develop, incorporating MRI and electromagnetic imaging techniques (EEG and MEG) into its methodological approaches.
The MRI facilities of CYCERON were indeed designed, developed and validated by the researchers and ITAs of the GIN, who optimized the acquisition sequences, and established stimulation facilities, acquisition protocols and tools for data processing and the management and archiving of images. These developments have been made available to the community at large.
In 2000 , the GIN became a CNRS-CEA joint research unit of the University of Caen Basse-Normandie (UMR 6095). Its funding was renewed in 2004 (UMR 6194) and again in 2008 , as a department of the CI-NAPS (UMR 6232).
In 2011 , due to the restructuration of France research organization, the GIN moved again to Bordeaux University, joining one of the top neurosciences campus in France. There, the GIN contributed as a founding unit to the creation of the TRAIL Laboratory of Excellence (Translational and Advanced Imaging LabEx) with a 5-year program funded by CNRS, CEA and Bordeaux University (UMR 5296).